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Alma-Ata trams
Tram T3 in Almaty
Info
Locale Alma-Ata, Kazakhstan
Transit type Tram
Number of lines 2
Technical
Track gauge 1,435 mm
Route map

Almaty trammap2006

ALAtramway4

Tram Tatra KT4D in Almaty

Tramvai Almaty
ALAtramway1053
ALAtramwayTolebi

Almaty Tramway - Tram farming town of Alma-Ata. Open 7 November 1937. For the year 2009 are 2 routes that are served by one depot, located at the intersection of Ahmet Baitursynova (Former Cosmonaut) and Gogol. Travel expenses are available for each validators, coins in cash tenge, and using prepaid cards.

RoutesEdit

CurrentEdit

  • Route number 4 is served by the Central depot, has 38 stops, starts and ends at the station Aksay. Has 6 total stops with route number 6, also connected through the office. Passes through the streets Momyshuly, Tole, Baitursynov, Shevchenko, Kunaev Makataev Zhetysuyskaya, Arykovoy, Cherkassy Defense Turgen (exit to Zhetysu)
  • Route number 6 is served by the Central depot, has 38 stops, starts and ends at the station orbit. Has 6 total stops with route number 4, also connected through the office. The Depot is located between bus stops "Tole" and "Gogol". Passes through the streets of Saina Torajgyrov, Kablukova, Utepov, Zharokov Shevchenko, Baitursynov Makataev Zhetysuyskaya, Arykovoy, Cherkassy Defense Turgen (exit to Zhetysu)
  • Official route passes along the street Zharokov between stops Shevchenko Zharokov (6 route) and Zharokov-Tole (4-th route) with two intermediate stops.

ClosedEdit

  • Route number 1 closed in March 1996. From 1970 until January 1996 was held on the streets: Dzhetysuyskaya, Pasteur (Makatayev), Cosmonaut (Baitursynova) Komsomolskaya (Tole), Rudnev (Brusilovsky), Satpayev Mate Zalki Chaliapin. From January to March 1996 was electrically connected on the street. Satpayev and Zharokov. Closed in connection with the liquidation of the lines on the streets, Satpayev Rudnev (Brusilovsky), Mate Zalki and Chaliapin.
  • Route number 2 closed in March 1995. From 1966 to 1995 was Semiring (only had one last stop), since 1980 took place on the streets: Saina, Frunze (Torajgyrov) Kablukova, Utepov, Zharokov Tole, was further electrically connected to the Cosmonauts (Baitursynova), Shevchenko, Karl Marx ( Kunaeva), Pasteur (Makatayev), Cosmonaut (Baitursynova).
  • Route number 3 is closed in March 1996. From 1970 to September 1993 was held on the streets: Dzhetysuyskaya, Pasteur (Makatayev), Karl Marx (Kunaeva), Shevchenko, Mukanov Satpayev Mate Zalki Chaliapin. From September 1993 to January 1996, in connection with the closing of traffic on the street. Mukanov by Shevchenko went to st. Zharokov then on Satpayev. From January to March 1996 was electrically connected on the street. Satpayev and Zharokov. Closed in connection with the liquidation of the lines on the streets, Satpayev Rudnev (Brusilovsky), Mate Zalki and Chaliapin.
  • Route number 5 is closed in the spring of 1993. From 1977 to 1987 took place on the streets: Dzhetysuyskaya, Pasteur (Makatayev), Cosmonaut (Baitursynova) Komsomolskaya (Tole), Zharokov Satpayev Mate Zalki Chaliapin. In 1987, after the completion of the line on the street between Shevchenko Mukanova and Zharokov on Cosmonauts (Baitursynova) walked up to Shevchenko and already on the street walked up to Zharokov. Stopped work in spring 1993 due to lack of rolling stock.
  • Route number 7 is closed in the spring of 1993. The whole period of its existence (1961-1993) was Semiring, that is, had only one last stop - Tastak (1961-1984) and Aksai (1984-1993). Marched through the streets: Momysh-Ula, Komsomolskaya (Tole) - since 1984, Rudnev (Brusilovsky), Satpayev Mukanov Shevchenko and was electrically connected to the streets of Cosmonauts (Baitursynova), Pasteur (Makatayev), Karl Marx (Kunaeva), Shevchenko. Almost coincides with the Route 8, with the only difference being that the 8 was electrically connected to the other side of the street Shevchenko, Karl Marx (Kunaeva), Pasteur (Makatayev) and the Cosmonauts (Baitursynova). Appeared and stopped work at the same time 8. Closed due to lack of rolling stock.
  • Route number 8 is closed in the spring of 1993. The whole period of its existence (1961-1993) was Semiring, that is, had only one last stop - Tastak (1961-1984) and Aksai (1984-1993). Marched through the streets: Momysh-Ula, Komsomolskaya (Tole) - since 1984, Rudnev (Brusilovsky), Satpayev Mukanov Shevchenko and was electrically connected to the streets of Shevchenko, Karl Marx (Kunaeva), Pasteur (Makatayev) and the Cosmonauts (Yuaytursynova). Almost coincides with the Route 7 with the only difference is that 7 was electrically connected to the other side of the street Shevchenko Cosmonauts (Baitursynova), Pasteur (Makatayev) and Karl Marx (Kunaeva). Appeared and stopped work at the same time 7. Closed due to lack of rolling stock.
  • Route number 9 in the 1980-1991 periodically appeared and disappeared again. At stops the template specified in this period was not. The route was circular and passed in both sides of the streets of Karl Marx (Kunaeva), Pasteur (Makatayev), Cosmonaut (Baitursynova) and Shevchenko.
  • Route number 10 existed in 1985-1999. He passed on the single track road isolated from the flow through Aksai - Kalkaman. Closed in August 1999 in connection with the liquidation of the line.

Construction

August 23, 1934 Bureau of the Almaty City Council approved the route, a place for the construction of the tram park and shops. Construction was to be conducted in two stages. The first stage - laying of two routes: the line of urban station Almaty-2 to Talgar (st. Kairbekov). The length of these lines - 8,7 km. Second place - from street to street Pasteur Pasteur. Length - 6 km. By tram depot assigned a section between the streets Taranchinskoy and graveyards (between the streets and Mametova Pasteur), Kashgar, and Pasteur. The cost was to be 2 million 860 thousand rubles.

February 29, 1936 was set up self-financing firm to build a tram - "Tramvaystroy. The chief was appointed AI Pozdenko, and chief engineer - AN Reutt. By the construction of the first phase started in the same year. It was attended by people from different parts of the country. Electrical engineer was EI Trunov, who arrived in Alma-Ata directly from the construction site of the Moscow metro. Welding of rails engaged by those who built Turksib. Installation of electrical equipment produced the builders of the Dnieper, power plants in the Far North, in the Caucasus.

Broad construction unfolded only in 1937. There were problems and the timely receipt of necessary materials and equipment from other cities. So, to commission traction substations to the twentieth of October not able, because the road was delayed shipped to Alma-Ata high-voltage cable. As a result of selfless labor tram was put into operation in due time. Moreover, instead of one track on the plan in 1937 to launch the tram almost the entire line was double-track. [1]

Test runEdit

November 7, after a festive demonstration, the tram cars have gathered hundreds of people. Over three days of Alma-Ata tram moved no less than fifteen thousand free passengers. This was a trial run of urban railways. Walking around the city in trams suspended - before putting the tram in normal operation. Until December 1-5, builders had a lot of work "[2].

Builders have really had a lot of work, especially at the laying of high-voltage cable in the trench. Last Party, expected before the November holiday, only arrived on November 27, three days before entering the tram in operation. Under the guidance of an electrical engineer Trunova cable laid for three days. Evening of 30 November, released a line of all the available cars in stock, to check on the full load. [1]

First flightEdit

December 1, 1937 was made the first flight of Alma-Ata tram. In the first car until tram conductors, the head of the construction of the tram Pozdenko. [3]

For the first fifteen days on the first streetcar line was transported more than 300 thousand passengers. Lack of traffic lights at intersections has led to several cases of car collisions with cars. On the streets of Alma-Ata at the beginning of January 1938 were installed traffic lights. They are included automatically when approaching tram. The first traffic lights were manufactured in railway workshops Office Turksib. Since the beginning of 1938 appeared the first tram pavilions - stop. [1]

Further operationEdit

The first trams in Alma-Ata, arrived in 1936. At the beginning of 1938 in Alma-Ata had 10 cars, of which half - motor, half - trailed. In Alma-Ata in pre-war cars also received a series C, they are produced in Sokol'nicheskiy Car Repair Plant. They were trailer cars, whose production, Muscovites have developed from 1930 to 1936 years to cover its own deficit in the rolling stock. In pre-war press is the information on the purchase of the Alma-Ata, Leningrad production cars. At Alma-Ata lines plied triple train, ie, one motor car and two trailers. For the first time such compositions appeared in March 1938. [1] ==Decline of Validator==

In 1993-1998 there was a collapse of the economy of the city tram. Its outcome was a reduction in the path to 31,5 km. Have been dismantled through the streets Satpaeva Chaliapin, Rudnev, closing unprofitable lines in Kalkaman, removed the path and Tole between the streets and Kunaeva Kairbekov.

Since 1999, the tram depot is gradually emerging from the crisis. We found funds to purchase the upgraded cars Czech-made Tatra - Model CT-4D, T-3, T-3D, T-4D. All of them before that plied the streets of German cities of Berlin, Chemnitz, Schwerin. [1]

In 2008, were installed validators.

ProspectsEdit

Guide tram depot and UAG "Almatyelektrotrans" for future tram looks with optimism. One of the manifestations - the remaining two tram route is not numbered in the number 1 and number 2, but retain the numbers 4 and 6.

In the future operations of Alma-Ata will be formed as the main speed (tram, metro), which will complement the usual (trolley, bus). The future system will be integrated into metrosistemu. The current station, along the route, as it is laid, unprofitable, passenger traffic is very low. The suggestion was made that supported the government that full use should be used underground tram system that runs on land and in the central part of the city - in the subway tunnel.

Akimat signed a protocol of intentions on creating a system of LRT and BRT Almaty. But nothing for the development of the network is not done. [4]

TimelineEdit

  • 1937 - built the line from Station 2 - Ave. Stalin (back-Chervonoarmiyska) - Tashkent - Marx - Komsomolsk - Uighur to the depot on the street. Pasteur. The line was single track. The second path paved by the Uighur, Komsomolskaya, Marx in 1938 In 1941, the depot is given the Kirov factory, trams were transferred to park on the corner of the Uighur / Gogol. Management tram trust and remained at the Pasteur to 1950. At the beginning of 50 years on Uighur built housing depot.
  • 1938 - the opening line of street. Shevchenko on the street. Marx to the Uighur (cosmonaut)
  • 1938 - open line for the street. Talgar - from the street. Pasteur to Komsomolskaya - odnoputka clockwise (closed in 1968)
  • 1938 - open line for the street. Tashkent from the street. Marx to Zhetysu (closed in 1966)
  • 1939 - the opening line of street. From Komsomolskaya Str. Baitursynova to the 13th line (Gagarin)
  • 1940 - Opening of double-track line on the street. Komsomolskaya from Tastak to Talgar ring
  • 1942 - the opening line of road from Krasnogvardejskiy Tashketskoy to elevator (closed in 1966)
  • 1957 - Construction of 2-th path from Marx to turn to the Alma-Ata-2
  • 1957 - line with the Street. Komsomolskaya between Karl Marx and the Cosmonauts moved to st. Pasteur
  • 1959 - the opening line of street. Shevchenko on the street. Uighur (astronauts) to st. Chapaev
  • 1959 - the opening line of street. Shevchenko on the street. Uighur (astronauts) to st. Construction (Mukanova)
  • 1959 - open line for the street. Mukanova - from Shevchenko - a Teschin language - to Satpaeva to Zharokov (closed in 1993 due to start construction of the metro station)
  • 1961 - the opening line of street. Satpaeva from st. Zharokov to st. Rudnev (closed in 1996)
  • 1961 - the opening line of street. Rudnev from Tastak to st. Satpaeva (closed in 1996)
  • 1966 - closed line Str. Tashkent from the street. Marx to Zhetysu (opened in 1938) and the station Almaty-2 (opened in 1937) in connection with the reconstruction of the avenue in a through route and the construction of bus station.
  • 1966 - the closing line in connection with the diseconomies of Krasnogvardejskiy road from Tashketskoy to elevator (opened in 1942)
  • 1967 - the construction of the ring "Turgen - Cherkassy Defense - Arykovoy" together with the laying of the first 2-way street. Pasteur and the street. Zhetysu. Before that was the single track Tashkent - Zhetysuyskaya - Pasteur clockwise and Komsomolskaya - Talgarsky - Pasteur counterclockwise
  • 1968 - closed line Str. Talgar - from the street. Pasteur to Komsomolskaya (opened in 1938)
  • 1970 - open line from the street. Rudnev - on Satpaeva - Schepetkova - Chaliapin - 10 md. (closed in 1996)
  • 1975 - open line for the street. Zharokov from Satpaeva to Utepov and Utepov with the construction of the ring at Rozybakiev / Utepov, Sc. rn "Geologostroya"
  • 1977 - open line for the street. Zharokov from Komsomolskaya Str. to st. Satpayev, it was put on the route number 5 (closed in 1993).
  • 1978, February 23 - open line from the reversal of the ring at the crossroads Utepov and Rozybakiev the streets Kablukova and Frunze in orbit.
  • 1980 - Construction of X-shaped intersection at Zharokov-Satpayev. Route number 2 was put into "orbit"
  • 1984 - opened a branch of Tastak to Aksai-1 to the Aksai-4 (the reversal of the ring is for the street. Momysh uly on Komsomolskaya str.)
  • 1985 - opened a branch of the Aksai-1 to the sub. Aksai -4. With Momysh uly there turn to the west and east
  • 1985 - open line Aksai - Kalkaman (closed in August 1999). Open route number 10.
  • 1987 - the opening line of street. Shevchenko on the street. Mukanova to st. Zharokov moved to the line number 5 from the streets Tole Bi (Komsomolskaya).
  • 1993 - closed routes 5, 7 and 8.
  • 1993 - closed in the 20's beginning of September due to start construction of metro line on a street. Mukanova - from Shevchenko - a Teschin language - for Satpaeva to Zharokov (opened in 1959).
  • 1995 - closed the route number 2
  • 1996, March 21 - closed line Str. Satpaeva from st. Zharokov to st. Brusilovsky (Rudnev), opened in 1961.
  • 1996, March 21 - closed line Str. Brusilovsky (Rudnev) from Tastak to st. Satpaeva (opened in 1961).
  • 1996, March 21 - closed line from the street. Rudnev - on Satpaeva - Schepetkova - Chaliapin - 10 md. (opened in 1961). Closed routes 1 and 3.
  • 1997, March - closed a branch on the street. From Komsomolskaya Str. Kunaeva to Talgar, opened in 1938 the ultimate route number 4 moved to st. Zhetysu
  • 1999, August - closed line "Aksay" - "Kalkaman", opened in 1985., Closed the route number 10
  • 2008 - the route number 4 is temporarily separated for routes 4 and 4a in connection with the construction of the transport interchange at the intersection of Saina and Tole.

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