|Length|| 14.600 mm|
|Width|| 2.303 mm|
|Height|| 3.446 mm|
|Maximum power||70 km/h|
|Passenger capacity||48 seats|
Timiş2 - than 530 copies of one complete series of Romanian widebody streetcars is known, colloquially referred to often Timiş Timiş trains or cars. They were produced in both standard-and in one-meter run. Each train consists of a four-axle motor coaches and a four-axis side-car, the vehicles were in the years 1969 to 1990 produced in the Banat in Timisoara.
The prototype and first production vehicles incurred while still on their own today Verkehrsgesellschaft Regia Autonoma de Transport Timisoara (former name: IET ITCVTT off until 1970 or 1970). The carried mass production in 1972 was finally on 1 Engineering firm, founded in June 1971 Electro Metal Timisoara (short forms ELTIM or Electrotimiş) transferred.
Trams of type Timiş2 were once very prevalent in Romania, they came out at the tram Timişoara itself in a total of ten other Romanian companies tram used. Only in the capital Bucharest and Constanta in the factories, Botoşani Brasov and they were never found.
After the Romanian revolution in 1989 and the ensuing economic upheaval ELTIM graduated in 1990 due to economic problems, the production of railway vehicles, the company itself, however, still exists. From the mid-1990s have been replaced Timiş2 trains then in almost all streetcar companies wholly or partly used by trams from Western Europe. They come mainly from Germany, some from Switzerland, Austria and the Netherlands. Many vehicles of the type Timiş2 achieved so that only a comparatively short life, in particular: the last-produced lines which emerged in the second half of the 1980s.
In scheduled passenger service with trains coming Timiş2 today only in Cluj-Napoca is used, which were then used vehicles modernized to some extent. In all other companies they were parked and scrapped, but occasionally still used today as a working and special vehicles. For example, as Rangiertriebwagen, snow plows, sanding cars or water sprinklers.
Timiş2 characteristic of the series was the consistently high level of harmful crop and the lack of supply of spare parts by the manufacturer. These effects have been compounded by the very high loading of the vehicles during the energy crisis in Romania the 1980s and the lack of experience of the workshops in the also newly opened establishments in this phase tram.
Tradition of the tram vehicle manufacturing in TimisoaraEdit
Already in 1914 (then Timişoara still belonged to Austria-Hungary), the local transport companies began to produce trams on their own. Initially created in this way only the three sidecars 01 until 03, in 1921 with the Type D then the first time multiple units () under supply of electrical equipment. Emerged from 1950 in Timisoara modeled after the Swiss standard car, the first modern four-axle dump cars in Romania (Type GB-2 / 2) of this series were produced from 1950 to 1954 a total of only seven vehicles.
Starting in 1958, focus was then on the reconstruction of older two-axle vehicle with wooden superstructures, which were fitted with new steel structures. The last reconstructed in this way cars created during the years 1962 to 1964, this type was called Timiş1. Thus we first took the opportunity with the type designation on the production location of the vehicles to draw attention to. Banat is Timis River (German title: is Timis), meant in this case, however, named after the river Timiş County (whose capital is Timişoara).
Allen produced until 1964 in Timisoara tram cars have in common is that they were formed only in small batches and usually prepared over several years. The production of larger quantities would be in the cramped workshops of the tram depot at strada Take Ionescu (factory town in the district) was not logistically possible, especially because the production parallel to the regular maintenance and driving occurred. Only with the new type Timiş2 industrial mass production began, with Reko Timiş1 car of the predecessor series, the new car, however, had other than the production site and the type designation not common.
The main reason for the construction of a separate tram type in Timisoara was the then-strong aging fleet of local transport companies. It dominated the time was mainly pre-war two-axle vehicles, they were the new importance of the tram as a mass transport at that time was a thriving metropolis no longer just. Also crucial were the sometimes very narrow radii in Timisoara tram network, which would not have been suitable for all the time on the tram car commercially available types. This requirement is reflected in the relatively short and narrow construction of the Timiş2 cars.
In addition, one could see from the beginning, but also opportunities for national and even international export of the new type (which later succeeded in at least nationally). Similarly, the production of articulated vehicles was planned from the outset, even if they later walked out on the production of two prototypes (completed in 1982 and 1985) never.
Start of production Timiş2Edit
In 1969, the construction and delivery of Timiş2 prototype (holding number 231) which took place - as was all in Timisoara has built vehicles - also still in the workshops of depot 1 at the strada Take Ionescu. The series should be done at a new location on the southern edge of town, there came into being on Bulevardul Dambovita addition to the new production facilities, a second car with a large hall Abstellgelände. This deposit was also Dambovita 1969 (ie opened simultaneously with the construction of the prototype Timiş2), the actual tram production hall (went directly adjacent to the wagon shed and a railway spur to the rest of the tram network), however, until 1970. There were then in 1970 also produced two other railcars (232 and 233) and three sidecar (1 to 3). To ensure the development of manufacturing to Western European standards, it has borrowed in 1970 for a period of two years, as many as 40 skilled workers, technicians and engineers from the Federal Republic of Germany. In return, were also in the early 70s including the transportation workers Timisoara to Munich's transportation loan to rebuild the local M-cars on schaffnerlosen operation. Officially started the serial production of Timiş2 trains for Timişoara then in 1972, this year was also the vehicle manufacture and the tram operator organizationally separated. For now, the production was already on 1 June 1971 newly established ELTIM jurisdiction. However, the further production was very slow at first, two-digit numbers were not achieved in the early years.
The series of TimisoaraEdit
Nearly one quarter of the total of 530 trains went to Timisoara itself, were a total of 129 local transportation Timiş2 trains produced. Along with the new type Timiş2 led Transport Timişoara cream, a new paint scheme of a (roof and window area, sides below the windows dark and white aprons) were in this color scheme in parallel with the delivery of new trains and then repainted all the older vehicles. Each railcar was doing a certain sidecar permanently assigned to the operating number of the railcar was there about 230 meters higher than that of the sidecar. In practice, the high is usually harmful, but inventory meant that the packs - particularly in the 1980s - have been appropriately collected only very rarely. The 129 trains for Timişoara were delivered as follows.
Latest in July 1989, the domestic series was complete, then was in fact the last train (359-129) already in use. Nevertheless, Timisoara 1991 received yet another train, because at the time the train has made Reşiţa 41-42 lack their own needs for Timisoara, where he was classified as a train 360-130 in the stock (first in the original colors of Transportation Resita, later, he was in the usual color scheme in Timisoara repainted). ) In 1995 began the Transport Timişoara (RATT meant the completely made Timiş2 trains existing fleet of vehicles from Bremen and Karlsruhe used to replace. From 2000, he presented more used cars from Munich, Frankfurt and Dusseldorf. Since July 2005 will result in Timisoara Timiş2 trains no longer used in scheduled passenger traffic. Most of the car was scrapped, however, as few vehicles are working and continue sporadically in official use () but only railcars.
Modifications over the yearsEdit
Timisoara in October 1989: Car 344 (Year 1988) in the modified paint scheme of the late 1980s
Also very characteristic of the Timiş2 trains was the fact that they have been produced over the relatively long production period of 21 years, virtually unchanged (and therefore technically, particularly in the 1980s, times were already obsolete). Modifications were only on certain details which are listed below (different model names were not used for the different versions, however):
- (The first trains built until at least the train had only 234-4 on the window side hung windows, but does not) on the door side (to avoid drafts. In the later-built trains were then fitted on either side hung windows.
- The first 14 Timiş2 trains (13 of them for himself and one for Timisoara Oradea) were equipped with an electric equipment of German company Kiepe Elektrik from Dusseldorf. Beginning of 1974 ELTIM this joint venture announced, however, already up and put down the 15th produced train (244-14 for Timişoara) to the local electrical system.
- First Timiş2 trains were in the two-seat fitted (back and seat separately). After about five years (presumably from train 261-31, built in 1975) were built in the Timiş trains then instead of the two-seat, however, a piece consisting of a plastic bucket seats.
- From 1978, we started the wagon trains on the apron area with bogies fitted with recesses. This should facilitate the maintenance of the bogies () simplified access. Later, in most companies, the older trains were subsequently still be accompanied by such openings.
- From 1979 the trains were given instead of the previous small line number display (which was placed on the vehicle body), a new broad line number display which was integrated above the cab of the truck box. Also as of that date, we knew it the car with two hand-made of plastic which have been mounted under the windshield.
- Starting in 1982 or 1983, instead of the previously used built-hung windows (which in the upper window area could be tilted) sliding window (which in the upper half of the window could be pushed to the side).
- Also known from the late 1970s and early 1980s (exact date) received Timiş2 car interior, a new light, it was now installed instead of the previously used a few long and continuous series of short fluorescent tubes fluorescent lights. In addition, the previously bare rods inside were now covered with green (or later gray) plastic film.
- In the course of the 1980s adopted by the Romanian Government restrictions on the purchase of foreign raw materials. Consequently, certain related metals from abroad had to be replaced by domestic steel, it could, for example, the construction of trams and buses are used no more aluminum. This issue also the production of Timiş2 trains have been heavily affected, this restriction imposed, inter alia that the earlier features were qualitatively better than the last vehicles produced (and many of the recently-built vehicles were retired after only a few years later use).
- Only a few trains were built in the field of (entered from the passenger compartment) cab sliding window, they could be opened for better ventilation of the cab in the upper half of the window. But neither the first nor the last-produced lines have this feature, how many trains were delivered in this version (or later if there was any relevant modifications) is unclear.