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Tatra T3

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T3
Trams Tatra T3 Košice
Number built 13,991
Built from 1961 - 1990
Length 14,000 mm
Width 2,500 mm
Height 3,050 mm
Weight 16 t
Maximum power 160 kW
Maximum speed 65 km/h
Passenger capacity 23 seats
87 standing
Manufacturer ČKD Tatra
T3 is a type designation for the Czech manufacturer Tatra tram cars. The T3 was built between 1960 and 1989, were a total of 13 991 railcars (Tw) and 122 sidecar (Bw), he is the most built trams in the world. The T3 is a further development of the American system constructed in accordance with the PCC T2.

T3Edit

At the T3 high demands were made. The cars should indeed have the same capacity as the vehicles of the type T2 predecessors have, but instead be easier. To achieve this goal, for example, the vehicle walls thinned and replaced the seat cushion against such laminate. The T3 was delivered to all tramway undertakings of the former Czechoslovakia, he was most strongly represented in Prague with over 1,000 vehicles. The T3 is, now often modernized in many forms, in the Czech companies are still the backbone.

T3SUEdit

Similar to the first T2SU T3SU were delivered with two instead of three doors per car. Later, on individual request, the car but also comes with a third door. Again, the vehicles showed a closed cab and the weather conditions were adjusted. A total of 11 368 T3SU were delivered, which is the largest quantity of a single tram car. The downside to the high sum, however, was that by insisting on a car unit, the development and delivery of new and more modern cars for a long time delayed.

The T3SU was in 1963, first to Moscow and later shipped to 33 other Soviet cities. forms, now often modernized in many forms, in the Czech companies are still the backbone.

T3SUCSEdit

It was originally set in 1976, the production of T3 and concentrated production on newer vehicles. In 1980, two railcars already made a first exception to the Slovak city of Kosice. As of 1985, finally, the production of type KT8D5 start, as this is delayed, however, had other cars here. Another production of T3 would have been too expensive, instead, were vehicles of the type T3SU re-imported and adapted. The enclosed cab has been maintained, the vehicles have all three doors and T3 are different from the origin only in a few details. Traction formation with the same vehicle is possible and has been and is practiced.

T3DEdit

In the GDR wrong the first three test cars of the type T3 (railcars and trailers), first in 1964 and 1965 in Dresden. Since restricted due to their width of 2.5 m of the operation was only possible, the vehicles were only in Schwerin and Karl-Marx-Stadt (now Chemnitz) are used. Here she frequented as a solo or in traction railcar (Tw + Tw, Tw + Tw + Bw) or as mini-train (Tw + Bw). The ability to Beiwagenbetrieb resulted from the fact that the received with the same engines (TE 022) such as the Czech original T3-equipped motor coaches suitable for Beiwagenbetrieb electrical equipment and a different gear ratio, making the maximum speed while at 55 km / h (instead of the usual 65 km / h) decreased, but the other was the pulling force increases, which made carrying a sidecar.

In addition to the Yugoslav enterprises only the German plants were equipped with a Beiwagentyp. This was described as B3D and corresponded in large parts of the wagon-building the T3D.

T3YUEdit

The distinction from Yugoslavia in 1967 for vehicles delivered from the models of type T3 with a different arrangement of current collectors, here on the rear bogie, and in some cases smaller trucks. Moreover, also, as in the GDR, trailers have been delivered. In addition to two Czechoslovak and a Soviet operation, the vehicles were also the only narrow gauge cars of the type.

T3REdit

By RGW Romania was also the end of the 1960s to encourage them to order Tatra cars. The first cars arrived in 1967 to the city of Galati and differed on the Czechoslovakian vehicles by changing the electrical equipment operating at 750 volts DC. As the car bodies were built for other companies too wide, they remained in Galati.

ProductionEdit

City Year T3 T3SUCS T3SU T3D B3D T3YU B3YU T3R Total
800px-Flag of Russia.svg Barnaul 1967-1985 0 0 444 0 0 0 0 0 444
800px-Flag of Slovakia.svg Bratislava 1964-1989 58 130 0 0 0 0 0 0 188
800px-Flag of the Czech Republic.svg Brno 1963-1989 109 53 0 0 0 0 0 0 162
800px-Flag of Germany.svg Karl-Marx-Stadt (today Chemnitz) 1966-1988 0 0 0 132 62 0 0 0 194
800px-Flag of Ukraine.svg Dnipropetrovsk 1968-1987 0 0 370 0 0 0 0 0 370
800px-Flag of Ukraine.svg Dniprodzerzhynsk 1972-1986 0 0 183 0 0 0 0 0 183
800px-Flag of Ukraine.svg Donetsk 1967-1987 0 0 251 0 0 0 0 0 251
800px-Flag of Romania.svg Galati 1971-1974 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 50 50
800px-Flag of Russia.svg Grozny 1981-1986 0 0 70 0 0 0 0 0 70
800px-Flag of Russia.svg Irkutsk 1967-1968 0 0 30 0 0 0 0 0 30
800px-Flag of Russia.svg Izhevsk 1966-1986 0 0 270 0 0 0 0 0 270
800px-Flag of Ukraine.svg Kharkiv 1967-1987 0 0 735 0 0 0 0 0 735
800px-Flag of Ukraine.svg Kiev 1964-1987 0 0 923 0 0 0 0 0 923
800px-Flag of Slovakia.svg Košice 1963-1989 97 89 0 0 0 0 0 0 184
800px-Flag of Ukraine.svg Kramatorsk 1967 0 0 2 0 0 0 0 0 2
800px-Flag of Russia.svg Krasnodar 1980-1986 0 0 115 0 0 0 0 0 115
800px-Flag of Ukraine.svg Kryvyi Rih 1986-1987 0 0 50 0 0 0 0 0 50
800px-Flag of Russia.svg Kursk 1966-1987 0 0 278 0 0 0 0 0 278
800px-Flag of the Czech Republic.svg Liberec 1965-1987 20 34 0 0 0 0 0 0 54
800px-Flag of Ukraine.svg Mariupol 1967-1975 0 0 32 0 0 0 0 0 32
800px-Flag of Russia.svg Moscow 1963-1987 0 0 2069 0 0 0 0 0 2069
800px-Flag of the Czech Republic.svg Most 1967-1987 9 67 0 0 0 0 0 0 76
800px-Flag of Russia.svg Nizhny Novgorod 1978-1986 0 0 220 0 0 0 0 0 220
800px-Flag of Russia.svg Novokuznetsk 1967-1986 0 0 215 0 0 0 0 0 215
800px-Flag of Ukraine.svg Odessa 1966-1987 0 0 484 0 0 0 0 0 484
800px-Flag of the Czech Republic.svg Olomouc 1966-1987 30 39 0 0 0 0 0 0 69
800px-Flag of Russia.svg Oryol 1976-1985 0 0 85 0 0 0 0 0 85
800px-Flag of Croatia.svg Osijek 1966-1982 0 0 0 0 0 26 4 0 30
800px-Flag of the Czech Republic.svg Ostrava 1965-1987 97 127 0 0 0 0 0 0 224
800px-Flag of the Czech Republic.svg Pilsen 1964-1989 48 80 0 0 0 0 0 0 128
800px-Flag of the Czech Republic.svg Prague 1960-1989 901 292 0 0 0 0 0 0 1193
800px-Flag of Russia.svg Pyatigorsk 1967-1987 0 0 117 0 0 0 0 0 117
800px-Flag of Latvia.svg Riga 1974-1987 0 0 243 0 0 0 0 0 243
800px-Flag of Russia.svg Rostov-on-Don 1967-1987 0 0 405 0 0 0 0 0 405
800px-Flag of Russia.svg Samara 1964-1986 0 0 619 0 0 0 0 0 619
800px-Flag of Bosnia and Hercegowina.svg Sarajevo 1967-1969 0 0 0 0 0 20 0 0 20
800px-Flag of Germany.svg Schwerin 1973-1988 0 0 0 115 56 0 0 0 171
800px-Flag of Uzbekistan.svg Tashkent 1983-1985 0 0 18 0 0 0 0 0 18
800px-Flag of Russia.svg Ufa 1966-1987 0 0 360 0 0 0 0 0 360
800px-Flag of Russia.svg Ulyanovsk 1966-1986 0 0 401 0 0 0 0 0 401
800px-Flag of Russia.svg Tula 1965-1986 0 0 401 0 0 0 0 0 401
800px-Flag of Russia.svg Tver 1967-1986 0 0 306 0 0 0 0 0 306
800px-Flag of Russia.svg Vladikavkaz 1972-1987 0 0 129 0 0 0 0 0 129
800px-Flag of Russia.svg Volgograd 1967-1987 0 0 425 0 0 0 0 0 425
800px-Flag of Russia.svg Volzhsky 1967-1980 0 0 75 0 0 0 0 0 75
800px-Flag of Russia.svg Voronezh 1977-1986 0 0 209 0 0 0 0 0 209
800px-Flag of Russia.svg Yekaterinburg 1964-1986 0 0 530 0 0 0 0 0 530
800px-Flag of Russia.svg Zaporizhia 1966-1987 0 0 304 0 0 0 0 0 304
Total 1369 911 11368 247 118 46 4 50 14113

Photo galleryEdit

Trams manufactured by ČKD Tatra
Normal trams: T1T2T3T4T5A5T5B6T5C5T6A2T6A5T6B5T6C5T7B5
Articulated trams: K1K2K5KT4KT8D5
Low-floor trams: RT6N1RT6SRT8M

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